What are the consequences of not sleeping and what are the causes of insomnia?
A fun, but very useful, health infographic gives us some interesting information on sleep disorders.
Let’s start by looking at what happens when you do not get a good night’s sleep.
When we sleep less than we should, this is what can happen:
- our reaction times become longer
- our blood pressure goes up
- the risk of obesity and diabetes rises
- we want to eat more
But what are sleep disorders?
- night sweats: can be caused by menopause, cancer or infection
- hypersomnia: excessive daytime sleepiness caused by narcolepsy, obesity, the intake of certain medicines or drugs, and alcohol abuse
- Kleine-Levin syndrome, KLS or Sleeping Beauty syndrome is a rare sleep disorder that lasts a few weeks during which time the affected person can sleep for up to 20 hours a day
- Insomnia: 30 to 50% of the population suffers from sleeplessness
- Narcolepsy: people who suffer from this fall asleep during the day
- Periodic limb movements: our limbs move rhythmically while we sleep
What we eat and drink can be a cause of insomnia. Indeed, if you have trouble sleeping, these are some of the things you should avoid:
- alcohol: it does not help us sleep well and often leads to regular visits to the bathroom (!)
- spicy foods: they can cause stomach pain or indigestion – both of which do not aid sleep
- sugar: once your body has consumed it all, you wake up wanting more
- chocolate: can sometimes contain caffeine which will keep you awake and lively in the hours immediately after you’ve eaten it
Other fascinating facts on sleep disorders can be found in this infografic!